Exploring Digital Culture (Lecture 6)

Posthuman Subjectivity

What is posthumanism?

  • Multifaceted
  • Many different uses
  • Different contexts (lots of different feels)
  • Permeability
  • Rejection of anthropocentrism
  • Reconsidering the place of the “human”

Rethinking of the liberal, human subject

  • Could vote
  • Own land and properties
  • White
  • Male
  • Able bodied
  • Heterosexual
  • Class based

Rethinking of the idea of a fixed, bounded self

  • Affect
  • Embodiment
  • Permeability
  • Different subjectivities
  • Interacting
  • We are constantly changed by what is around us

Rethinking anthropocentrism – We are the centre, everything is all around us

  • Animal
  • Earth
  • Machine
  • What make someone rights?

All human should have the same rights. How about animals? We can extend rights to animals.

‘Post-anthropocentrism displaces the notion of a species hierarchy and of a single, common standard for “Man” as the measure of all things. In the ontological gap thus opened, other species come galloping in.’ (Braidotti 2013: 67)

Posthuman Subjects

Relationships with Technology

  • A phone is not just an object
  • It has photos/connections/memories
  • It is about the way what it is upon us
  • How the media shape humanity

Utopia

  • Technology allow us to overcome ourselves
  • It can solve our problems as human
  • It do not have boundaries/barriers

Dystopia

  • How we expect more to technology and less to each other
  • Loss our humanity

‘resistance to both the fatal attraction of nostalgia and the fantasy of transhumanist and other techno-utopias’ (Braidotti 2013: 90 )

 

‘human functionality expands because the parameters of the cognitive system it inhabits expand’ (Hayles 1999: 290- 291)

 

‘we were always posthuman’ (Tufekci 2012: 34)

 

Self and Other Gradually Blur

‘a displacement of the lines of demarcation between structural differences, or ontological categories, for instance between the organic and the inorganic, the born and the manufactured, flesh and metal, electronic circuits and organic nervous systems.’ (Braidotti 2013: 89)

‘an amalgam, a collection of heterogeneous components, a material-informational entity whose boundaries undergo continuous construction and reconstruction’ (Hayles 1999: 3)

 

What makes a human “human”?

  • To be creative (from inspiration by feeling/seeing/reading something)
  • Emotion
  • Critical thinking
  • Interacting